Threats-When Are They Serious
Several recent tragedies have involved children shooting and killing individuals after making threats. When this occurs, everyone asks themselves, how could this happen and Why didn’t we take the threat seriously?
Most threats made by children or adolescents are not carried out. Many such threats are the child’s way of talking big or tough, or getting attention. Sometimes these threats are a reaction to a perceived hurt, rejection, or attack.
What threats should be taken seriously?
Examples of potentially dangerous or emergency situations with a child or adolescent include:
- threats or warnings about hurting or killing someone
- threats or warnings about hurting or killing oneself
- threats to run away from home
- threats to damage or destroy property
- Child and adolescent psychiatrists and other mental health professionals agree that it is very difficult to predict a child’s future behavior with complete accuracy. A person’s past behavior, however, is still one of the best predictors of future behavior. For example, a child with a history ofviolent or assaultive behavior is more likely to carry out his/her threats and be violent.
When is there more risk associated with threats from children and adolescents?
The presence of one or more of the following increases the risk of violent or dangerous behavior:
Children’s Threats, Facts for Families, No. (8/98)
What should be done if parents or others are concerned?
When a child makes a serious threat it should not be dismissed as just idle talk. Parents, teachers, or other adults should immediately talk with the child. If it is determined that the child is at risk and the child refuses to talk, is argumentative, responds defensively, or continues to express violent or dangerous thoughts or plans, arrangements should be made for an immediate evaluation by a mental health professional with experience evaluating children and adolescents. Evaluation of any serious threat must be done in the context of the individual child’s past behavior, personality, and current stressors. In an emergency situation or if the child or family refuses help, it may be necessary to contact local police for assistance or take the child to the nearest emergency room for evaluation. Children who have made serious threats must be carefully supervised while awaiting professional intervention. Immediate evaluation and appropriate ongoing treatment of youngsters who make serious threats can help the troubled child and reduce the risk of tragedy.
For additional information, see FFFs – #55 Understanding Violent Behavior in Children; #37 Children and Firearms; #03 Teens: Alcohol and Other Drugs; #13 Children and TV Violence; and #33 Conduct Disorders.
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